Key Components Of Your Well Water System

Most of us take clean, drinkable water for granted, but if you move from a municipality to a rural area you will typically have to readjust your expectations. Municipal water systems often do not reach rural households. Instead, many rural homeowners must get their water from a well. This article will help you understand well water systems by taking a closer look at some of the key components.


Perhaps the most important component of a water well system is the pump. It is the pressure created by the pump that moves water from the well into your home. The two main types of pumps used by homeowners with wells are the above-ground pump and the submersible pump.


Above-ground pumps, as the name implies, are placed on the ground. They are also known as jet pumps and typically are used for shallow wells that are not more than 33.9 feet deep. Jet pumps can be powered by a variety of sources, with electric power commonly being used as well as gasoline and solar power.


The other common type of pump for household water wells is the submersible pump This pump goes down into the well until it is completely submerged by the water. If it is not completely covered by water, it will not operate properly. The pump works in a different way from jet pumps. A submersible pump does not pull water from the well, as an above-ground pump does. Instead, it pushes the water to the surface. These pumps are also more powerful than above-ground pumps and can be used in deeper wells than jet pumps. Submersible pumps also require less maintenance than jets pumps and can last about 25 years.

Pressure Tank

In addition to your pump, the other main component of your well water system is a pressure tank. The function of this tank is to provide water pressure to your system. If the tank did not provide pressure, the water in your home would do little more than dibble out of your fixtures. With a pressure tank, there is hardly any difference between the water pressure you get in your home from a well and the pressure you would get hooked up to a local water system.

Understanding the basic components of your well water system helps you deal with any problems that might arise, such as maintenance and repair issues. Hopefully, this article has given you a greater understanding of how your system works.